《生命宝训解经注释系列——彼得后书与犹大书》版权信息;前言;圣经版本信息与圣经注释信息;参考书目
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《生命宝训解经注释系列——彼得后书与犹大书》版权信息;前言;圣经版本信息与圣经注释信息;参考书目

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英文版版权信息:

Originally published in the U.S.A. under the title:

Second Peter and Jude: An Expositional Commentary

by D. Edmond Hiebert

Copyright © 1989 by Unusual Publications

Greenville, South Carolina 29614.

中文版版权信息:

中文简体版版权©生命智源咨询服务有限责任公司,2014。

版权所有

获许可使用


前言

彼得后书和雅各书向来被称作新约圣经里的“幽暗角落”。这一称呼并非完全没有根据。姑且不论这样称呼它们原因何在,基督教界普遍对这两卷书信所知甚少,这的确是令人惋惜的事实。一部分人之所以忽视这两封书信,很可能是出于这样一种假设,即它们所论及的议题已经过时,不再是当今时代迫切需要关注的焦点。还有一部分人可能觉得,它们最初成书的历史背景模糊不清,显示其价值观未必适用于我们这个时代。再者,这两卷书中充满了所谓的“难明白之事”(彼后3:16),或许这也使得基督徒把它们推向了阴暗的角落。然而,谦卑、锲而不舍地研究这两卷书信,会使我们确立这样一种信念,即它们是新约正典中非常有价值的组成部分,在我们经历动荡不安的岁月时永远是弥足珍贵的属灵财富。盼望本书可以帮助大家更好地理解这两卷书信。

本注释书使用美国标准译本(American Standard Version,1901年版)作为深入研究这两封书信的起点。本人之所以在众多的现代译本中选用这个译本,是基于这样一个确信,即此译本高度符合原文,是通往希腊原文最为便捷的桥梁之一。这本关于彼得后书和犹大书的注释书虽以希腊原文为依据,却是为那些不甚精通这一语言的研经者量身打造的。所有被注解的经文都有希腊文音译,通常被置于括号内,紧挨邻近上下文中的译文。

这两封书信的导论部分以保守的观点提供若干评论,旨在帮助读者了解那些困扰他们的历史及经文鉴别学难题。注释部分前面的大纲给出了关于书信内容的浅析,同时它们也贯穿整个注释部分以引入相关的内容。

多年以来,这两封公认难解的书信一直是我研究和课堂解经的主题。我对彼得后书和犹大书的理解应归功于各种不同的资源。书中大量的脚注和参考书目可以证明我蒙受了他人何等的恩惠。拙著的写成也离不开专心致志的研究,这唯独令我对新约正典中这两卷书所蕴含的永恒属灵价值有了更深刻的欣赏。


圣经版本信息与圣经注释信息

圣经版本信息

ASV       American Standard Version. The Holy Bible Containing the Old and New Testaments, Translated out of the Original Tongues. New York: Thomas Nelson & Sons, 1901.

美国标准译本

 

Berkeley

伯克利译本

 

Darby       Darby, J.N., The “Holy Scriptures,” A New Translation from the Original Languages. Reprint. Kingston-on-Thames, England: Stow Hill Bible & Tract Depot, 1949.

达秘译本

 

Douay       Douay Version. The Holy Bible, Translated from the Latin Vulgate. New York: P. J. Kenedy & Sons, 1914.

杜埃译本

 

Goodspeed      Goodspeed, Edgar J., The New Testament, An American Translation. Chicago: University of Chicago Press, 1948.

古德斯皮德译本

 

Hodges-Farstad       Hodges, Zane C., and Arthur L. Farstad, The Greek New Testament According to the Majority Text. Nashville: Thomas Nelson Publishers, 1982.

霍奇斯-法斯塔德基于主流文本的希腊文新约圣经

 

Jerusalem Bible       Jerusalem Bible. The New Testament of the Jerusalem Bible. Reader’s Edition. Edited by Alexander Jones, et al. 1966. Reprint. Garden City, N.Y.: Doubleday & Co, 1969.

耶路撒冷圣经

 

KJV       King James Version. The Holy Bible Containing the Old and New Testaments. Reprint. Cambridge: University Press, n.d.

英王钦定本

 

Kleist-Lilly      Kleist, James A., and Joseph L. Lilly, The New Testament Rendered from the Original Greek with Explanatory Notes. Milwaukee: Bruce, 1956.

克莱斯特-利利译本

 

Lattey       Lattey, Cuthbert, The New Testament in the Westminster Version of the Sacred Scriptures. London: Sands & Co., 1947.

拉蒂译本

 

Luther    Luther, Martin, Das Neue Testament. Berlin: Britische und Ausländische Bibelgesellschaft, 1925.

路德译本

 

LXX       The Septuagint Version of the Old Testament and Apocrypha with an English Translation; And with Various Readings and Critical Notes. Reprint. Grand Rapids: Zondervan, 1972.

七十士译本

 

Moffatt       Moffatt, James, The New Testament, A New Translation. Rev. ed. New York: Hodder & Stoughton, n.d.

莫法特译本

 

Montgomery     Montgomery, Helen Barrett, Centenary Translation, The New Testament in Modern English. 1924. Reprint. Philadelphia: The Judson Press, 1946.

蒙哥马利译本

 

NASB       New American Standard Bible. Carol Stream, Ill.: Creation House, 1971.

新美国标准圣经

 

Nestle     Nestle, Eberhard, Hē Kainē Diathēkē. Text with Critical Apparatus. 1931. Reprint. London: British and Foreign Bible Society, 1904.

奈瑟勒希腊文圣经

 

Nestle-Aland (24th ed.)       Nestle, Erwin, and Kurt Aland, Novum Testamentum Graece. 24th ed. New York: American Bible Society, n.d.

奈瑟勒-阿兰德新约希腊文圣经第24

 

Nestle-Aland (26th ed.)       Nestle, Erwin, and Kurt Aland, Novum Testamentum Graece. 26th ed. Stuttgart: Deutsche Bibelstiftung, 1979.

奈瑟勒-阿兰德新约希腊文圣经第26

 

New Berkeley       New Berkeley Version. The Modern Language Bible. Edited by Gerrit Verkuyl. Grand Rapids: Zondervan, 1969.

新伯克利译本

 

NEB       New English Bible. Oxford & Cambridge: University Press, 1970.

新英文圣经

 

NIV       New International Version. The Holy Bible Containing The Old Testament and The New Testament. Grand Rapids: Zondervan, 1978.

新国际译本

 

RSV     Revised Standard Version. The Holy Bible, Containing the Old and New Testaments. Philadelphia: A. J. Holman Co., 1962.

修订标准译本

 

Rotherham       Rotherham, Joseph Bryant, The Emphasized New Testament. Reprint. Grand Rapids: Kregel Publications, 1959.

罗瑟拉姆译本

 

RV       Revised Version. The New Testament of Our Lord and Saviour Jesus Christ Translated out of the Greek, a.d. 1881. New York: Harper & Brothers, 1881. (English Revised Version).

修订译本

 

Scrivener       Scrivener, F.H., Hē Kainē Diathēkē. Novum Testamentum Textus Stephanici a.d. 1550. London: Cantabrigiae, Dieghton, Bell Et Soc, 1867. (The Textus Receptus).

斯克里夫纳新约希腊文圣经

 

Souter       Souter, Alexander, Hē Kainē Diathēkē. Novum Testamentum. 1947. Reprint. Oxford: University Press, 1962.

苏特新约希腊文圣经

 

Tasker       Tasker, R.V.G., The Greek New Testament, Being the Text Translated in The New English Bible 1961. Oxford: University Press, 1964.

塔斯克新约希腊文圣经

 

Textus Receptus

公认经文

 

TBS     Hē Kainē Diathēkē. The New Testament. The Greek Text Underlying the English Authorized Version of 1611. London: Trinitarian Bible Society, n.d.

三一圣经公会新约圣经

 

20th Century N.T.        Twentieth Century New Testament. A Translation into Modern English. Reprint. Chicago: Moody Press, n.d.

20世纪新约圣经

 

UBS GNT (1st ed.)       United Bible Societies’ Greek New Testament. Aland, Kurt, Matthew Black, Bruce M. Metzger, and Allen Wikgren, The Greek New Testament. American Bible Society, British and Foreign Bible Society, National Bible Society of Scotland, Netherlands Bible Society, Württemberg Bible Society, 1966.

联合圣经公会希腊文新约圣经第1版

 

UBS GNT (3rd ed.)       United Bible Societies’ Greek New Testament. Aland, Kurt, Matthew Black, Carlo M. Martini, Bruce M. Metzger, and Allen Wikgren, The Greek New Testament. 3rd ed. United Bible Societies, 1975.

联合圣经公会希腊文新约圣经第3版

 

Westcott-Hort      Westcott, Brooke Foss, and Fenton John Anthony Hort, The New Testament in the Original Greek. Reprint. New York: Macmillan Co. 1935.

Westcott, Brooke Foss, and Fenton John Anthony Hort, The New Testament in the Original Greek. Vol. 2. Introduction, Appendix. Reprint. London: Macmillan and Co., 1907.

韦斯科特-霍特新约希腊文圣经

 

Weymouth       Weymouth, Richard Francis, The New Testament in Modern Speech. Revised by James Alexander Robertson. 5th ed. New York: Harper and Brothers, 1929.

韦茅斯译本

 

Williams       Williams, Charles B., The New Testament, A Private Translation in the Language of the People. 1937. Reprint. Chicago: Moody Press, 1949.

威廉姆斯译本

 

Young       Young, Robert, The Holy Bible Consisting of the Old and New Covenants Translated According to the Letter and Idioms of the Original Languages. Reprint. London: Pickering & Inglis, n.d.

杨译本

圣经注释信息

AB The Anchor Bible

ACNT An American Commentary on the New Testament

CC Calvin’s Commentaries

CECNT Meyer’s Critical and Exegetical Commentary on the New Testament

CGT Cambridge Greek Testament for Schools and Colleges

DSB Daily Study Bible

EBC The Expositor’s Bible Commentary

HNTC Harper’s New Testament Commentaries

ICC The International Critical Commentary

MNTC The Moffatt New Testament Commentaries

PC The Pulpit Commentary

TBC Torch Bible Commentaries

TNTC Tyndale New Testament Commentaries

WC Westminster Commentaries

WBC Word Biblical Commentary


参考书目

圣经文本

希腊文本

Aland, Kurt, Matthew Black, Bruce M. Metzger, and Allen Wikgren. The Greek New Testament. American Bible Society, British and Foreign Bible Society, National Bible Society of Scotland, Netherlands Bible Society, Württemberg Bible Society, 1966.

Aland, Kurt, Matthew Black, Carlo M. Martini, Bruce M. Metzger, and Allen Wikgren. The Greek New Testament. 3rd ed. United Bible Societies, 1975.

Hē Kainē Diathēkē. The New Testament. The Greek Text Underlying the English Authorized Version of 1611. London: Trinitarian Bible Society, n.d.

Hodges, Zane C., and Arthur L. Farstad. The Greek New Testament According to the Majority Text. Nashville: Thomas Nelson Publishers, 1982.

Nestle, Eberhard. Hē Kainē Diathēkē. Text with Critical Apparatus. 1904. Reprint. London: British and Foreign Bible Society, 1931.

Nestle, Erwin, and Kurt Aland. Novum Testamentum Graece. 24th ed. New York: American Bible Society, n.d.

———. Novum Testamentum Graece. 26th ed. Stuttgart: Deutsche Bibelstiftung, 1979.

Scrivener, F.H. Hē Kainē Diathēkē. Novum Testamentum Textus Stephanici a.d. 1550. London: Cantabrigiae, Dieghton, Bell Et Soc, 1867. (The Textus Receptus)

Souter, Alexander. Hē Kainē Diathēkē. Novum Testamentum. 1947. Reprint. Oxford: University Press, 1962.

Tasker, R.V.G. The Greek New Testament, Being the Text Translated in The New English Bible 1961. Oxford: University Press, 1964.

Westcott, Brooke Foss, and Fenton John Anthony Hort. The New Testament in the Original Greek. Reprint. New York: Macmillan Co., 1935.

———. The New Testament in the Original Greek. Vol. 2. Introduction, Appendix. Reprint. London: Macmillan and Co., 1907.

 

希腊文旧约圣经

The Septuagint Version of the Old Testament and Apocrypha with an English Translation; And with Various Readings and Critical Notes. Reprint. Grand Rapids: Zondervan, 1972.

 

英文译本

American Standard Version. The Holy Bible Containing the Old and New Testaments, Translated out of the Original Tongues. New York: Thomas Nelson & Sons, 1901.

Darby, J.N. The “Holy Scriptures,” A New Translation from the Original Languages. Reprint. Kingston-on-Thames, England: Stow Hill Bible & Tract Depot, 1949.

Douay Version. The Holy Bible, Translated from the Latin Vulgate. New York: P. J. Kenedy & Sons, 1914.

Goodspeed, Edgar J. The New Testament, An American Translation. Chicago: University of Chicago Press, 1948.

Jerusalem Bible. The New Testament of the Jerusalem Bible. Reader’s Edition. Edited by Alexander Jones, et al. 1966. Reprint. Garden City, N.Y.: Doubleday & Co., 1969.

King James Version. The Holy Bible Containing the Old and New Testaments. Reprint. Cambridge: University Press, n.d.

Kleist, James A., and Joseph L. Lilly. The New Testament Rendered from the Original Greek with Explanatory Notes. Milwaukee: Bruce, 1956.

Lattey, Cuthbert. The New Testament in the Westminster Version of the Sacred Scriptures. London: Sands & Co., 1947.

Moffatt, James. The New Testament, A New Translation. Rev. ed. New York: Hodder & Stoughton, n.d.

Montgomery, Helen Barrett. Centenary Translation, The New Testament in Modern English. 1924. Reprint. Philadelphia: The Judson Press, 1946.

New American Standard Bible. Carol Stream, Ill.: Creation House, 1971.

New Berkeley Version. The Modern Language Bible. Edited by Gerrit Verkuyl. Grand Rapids: Zondervan, 1969.

New English Bible. Oxford & Cambridge: University Press, 1970.

New International Version. The Holy Bible Containing the Old Testament and the New Testament. Grand Rapids: Zondervan, 1978.

Revised Standard Version. The Holy Bible, Containing the Old and New Testaments. Philadelphia: A. J. Holman Co., 1962.

Revised Version. The New Testament of Our Lord and Saviour Jesus Christ Translated out of the Greek, a.d. 1881. New York: Harper & Brothers, 1881. (English Revised Version).

Rotherham, Joseph Bryant. The Emphasized New Testament. Reprint. Grand Rapids: Kregel Publications, 1959.

Twentieth Century New Testament. A Translation into Modern English. Reprint. Chicago: Moody Press, n.d.

Weymouth, Richard Francis. The New Testament in Modern Speech. Revised by James Alexander Robertson. 5th ed. New York: Harper and Brothers, 1929.

Williams, Charles B. The New Testament, A Private Translation in the Language of the People. 1937. Reprint. Chicago: Moody Press, 1949.

Young, Robert. The Holy Bible Consisting of the Old and New Covenants Translated According to the Letter and Idioms of the Original Languages. Reprint. London: Pickering & Inglis, n.d.

 

德文译本

Luther, Martin. Das Neue Testament. Berlin: Britische und Ausländische Bibelgesellschaft, 1925.

 

语法、词汇、词语研究

Arndt, William F., and F. Wilbur Gingrich. A Greek-English Lexicon of the New Testament and Other Early Christian Literature. Chicago: University of Chicago Press, 1957.

Blass, F., and A. Debrunner. A Greek Grammar of the New Testament and Other Early Christian Literature. Translated and revised by Robert W. Funk. Chicago: University of Chicago Press, 1961.

Cremer, Herman. Biblico-Theological Lexicon of New Testament Greek. Translated by William Urwick. Reprint. Edinburgh: T. & T. Clark, 1954.

Dana, H.E., and Julius R. Mantey. A Manual Grammar of the Greek New Testament. New York: Macmillan Co., 1957.

Liddell, Henry George, and Robert Scott. A Greek-English Lexicon. 7th ed. Oxford: Clarendon Press, 1890.

———. A Greek-English Lexicon. Revised by Henry Stuart Jones. Oxford: Clarendon Press, 1961

Moulton, James Hope. A Grammar of New Testament Greek. Vol. I, Prolegomena. Edinburgh: T. & T. Clark, 1908.

Moulton, James Hope, and George Milligan. The Vocabulary of the Greek Testament Illustrated from the Papyri and Other Non-Literary Sources. London: Hodder and Stoughton, 1952.

Robertson, A.T. A Grammar of the Greek New Testament in the Light of Historical Research. 5th ed. New York: Richard H. Smith, n.d.

Thayer, Joseph Henry. A Greek—English Lexicon of the New Testament. 1889. Reprint. New York: American Book Co., n.d.

Trench, Richard Chenevix. Synonyms of the New Testament. 1880. Reprint. Grand Rapids: Eerdmans, 1947.

Vine, W.E. An Expository Dictionary of New Testament Words with their Precise Meanings for English Readers. 4 vols. Reprint. Westwood, N.J.: Fleming H. Revell Co., 1966.

 

新约导论

Barker, Glenn W., William L. Lane, and J. Ramsey Michaels. The New Testament Speaks. New York: Harper & Row, 1969.

Cartledge, Samuel A. A Conservative Introduction to the New Testament. Grand Rapids: Zondervan, 1938.

Ebright, Homer Kingsley. The Petrine Epistles, A Critical Study of Authorship. Cincinnati: Methodist Book Concern, 1917.

Gloag, Paton J. Introduction to the Catholic Epistles. Edinburgh: T. & T. Clark, 1887.

Green, E.M.B. II Peter Reconsidered. 1961. Reprint. London: The Tyndale Press, 1968.

Gromacki, Robert G. New Testament Survey. Grand Rapids: Baker Book House, 1974.

Gundry, Robert H. A Survey of the New Testament. Grand Rapids: Zondervan, 1970.

Guthrie, Donald. New Testament Introduction. Rev. ed. Downers Grove, Ill.: Inter-Varsity Press, 1970.

Harrison, Everett F. Introduction to the New Testament. Rev. ed. Grand Rapids: Eerdmans, 1971.

Henshaw, T. New Testament Literature in the Light of Modern Scholarship. 1952. Reprint. London: George Allen and Unwin, 1957.

Hiebert, D. Edmond. An Introduction to the New Testament, Volume 1, The Gospels and Acts. Chicago: Moody Press, 1975.

Jones, Maurice. The New Testament in the Twentieth Century. London: Macmillan and Co., 1924.

Kerr, John H. An Introduction to the Study of the Books of the New Testament. 13th ed. New York: Fleming H. Revell, 1931.

Kümmel, Werner Georg. Introduction to the New Testament. Translated by A. J. Mattill, Jr. 14th rev. ed. Nashville: Abingdon, 1966.

Martin, Ralph P. New Testament Foundations: A Guide for Christian Students. Volume 2. The Acts, The Letters, The Apocalypse. Grand Rapids: Eerdmans, 1978.

McNeile, A.H. An Introduction to the Study of the New Testament. Oxford: Clarendon Press, 1927.

Moffatt, James. An Introduction to the Literature of the New Testament. 3rd ed. Reprint. Edinburgh: T. & T. Clark, 1949.

Peake, Arthur S. A Critical Introduction to the New Testament. New York: Charles Scribner’s Sons, 1919.

Robert, A., and A. Feuillet. Introduction to the New Testament. Translated from the French. New York: Desclee Company, 1965.

Salmon, George. An Historical Introduction to the Study of the Books of the New Testament. 9th ed. London: John Murray, 1904.

Scott, Ernest Findlay. The Literature of the New Testament. 1932. Reprint. New York: Columbia University Press, 1948.

Weiss, Bernard. A Manual of Introduction to the New Testament. Vol. II. Translated by A.J.K. Davidson. New York: Funk & Wagnalls, 1889.

Zahn, Theodor. Introduction to the New Testament. 3 vols. Translated from the German. Edinburgh: T. & T. Clark, 1909.

 

关于彼得后书和犹大书的书籍

Alford, Henry. The Greek Testament. Vol. 4. London: Rivingtons, 1859–1861.

———. The New Testament for English Readers, Containing the Authorized Version, Marginal Corrections of Readings and Renderings, Marginal References and a Critical and Explanatory Commentary. Chicago: Moody Press, n.d.

Alleman, Herbert C., ed. New Testament Commentary. A General Introduction to and a Commentary on the Books of the New Testament. Rev. ed. Philadelphia: Board of Publication of the United Lutheran Church of America, 1944.

Anstadt, Henry. “The Second Epistle of Peter.” In New Testament Commentary. [See under Alleman, Herbert C.]

Barbieri, Louis A. First and Second Peter. Chicago: Moody Press, 1977.

Barclay, William. The Letters of James and Peter. In The Daily Study Bible. Philadelphia: The Westminster Press, 1960.

———. The Letters of John and Jude. In The Daily Study Bible. Philadelphia: The Westminster Press, 1960.

Barnes, Albert. Notes on the New Testament, Explanatory and Practical—James, Peter, John, and Jude. Edited by Robert Frew. Grand Rapids: Baker Book House, 1951.

Barnett, Albert E., and Elmer G. Homrighausen. “The Epistle of Jude.” In The Interpreter’s Bible. Vol. 12. New York: Abingdon Press, 1957.

———. “The Second Epistle of Peter.” In The Interpreter’s Bible. Vol. 12. New York: Abingdon Press, 1957.

Bauckham, Richard J. Jude, 2 Peter. In Word Biblical Commentary. Vol. 50. Waco, Tex.: Word Books, 1983.

Bengel, John Albert. New Testament Word Studies. A New Translation 2 vols. Translated by Charlton T. Lewis and Marvin R. Vincent. 1864. Reprint. Kregel Publications, 1971.

Bennett, W.H. “The General Epistles, James, Peter, John, and Jude.” In The Century Bible, A Modern Commentary. London: Blackwood, Le Bass & Co., n.d.

Bigg, Charles. A Critical and Exegetical Commentary on the Epistles of St. Peter and St. Jude. In The International Critical Commentary. 2nd ed. Edinburgh: T. & T. Clark, 1902.

Blum, Edwin A. “Jude.” In The Expositor’s Bible Commentary with the New International Version of the Holy Bible. Vol. 12. Grand Rapids: Zondervan, 1981.

———. “II Peter.” In The Expositor’s Bible Commentary with the New International Version of the Holy Bible. Vol. 12. Grand Rapids: Zondervan, 1981.

Caffin, B.C. “II Peter.” In The Pulpit Commentary. Reprint. Grand Rapids: Eerdmans, 1950.

Calvin, John. Commentaries on the Catholic Epistles. Translated and edited by John Owen. Reprint. Grand Rapids: Eerdmans, 1948.

———. The Epistle of Paul the Apostle to the Hebrews and the First and Second Epistles of St. Peter. In Calvin’s Commentaries. Translated by William B. Johnston. Grand Rapids: Eerdmans, 1963.

Caton, N.T. A Commentary and an Exposition of the Epistles of James, Peter, John and Jude. 1897. Reprint. Delight, Ark.: Gospel Light Publishing Co., n.d.

Clark, Gordon H. II Peter. A Short Commentary. Nutley, N.J.: Presbyterian & Reformed Pub. Co., 1972.

Coder, S. Maxwell. Jude: The Acts of the Apostates. Chicago: Moody Press, 1958.

Cranfield, C.E.B. I & II Peter and Jude. In Torch Bible Commentaries. London: SCM Press, 1960.

Ellis, E. Earle. “Jude.” In The Biblical Expositor, The Living Theme of the Great Book. Volume III. New Testament. Edited by Carl F.H. Henry. Philadelphia: A. J. Holman Co., 1960.

English, E. Schuyler. The Life and Letters of Saint Peter. 1941. Reprint. New York: Publication Office “Our Hope,” 1945.

Erdman, Charles R. The General Epistles. 1919. Reprint. Philadelphia: The Westminster Press, n.d.

Farrar, F.W. The Early Days of Christianity. New York: Cassell & Co., n.d.

Fausset, A.R. “The General Epistle of Jude.” In Robert Jamieson, A.R. Fausset, and David Brown, A Commentary, Critical and Explanatory, on the Old and New Testaments. Vol. II. New Testament. Hartford: The S.S. Scranton Co., n.d.

———. “The Second Epistle General of Peter.” In Robert Jamieson, A. R. Fausset, and David Brown, A Commentary, Critical and Explanatory, on the Old and New Testament. Vol. II. New Testament. Hartford: The S.S. Scranton Co., n.d.

Fream, Donald. “A Chain of Jewels From James and Jude.” In Bible Study Textbook. Joplin, Mo.: College Press, 1965.

Fronmüller, G.F.C. “The Epistle General of Jude.” In Lange’s Commentary on the Holy Scriptures: Critical, Doctrinal and Homiletical, with additions by J. Isidor Mombert. 1867. Reprint. Grand Rapids: Zondervan, n.d.

———. “The Second Epistle General of Peter.” In Lange’s Commentary on the Holy Scriptures: Critical, Doctrinal and Homiletical, with additions by J. Isidor Mombert. 1872. Reprint. Grand Rapids: Zondervan, n.d.

Gaebelein, Arno C. The Annotated Bible. Vol. 4. Second Section. Reprint. Chicago: Moody Press, 1970.

Grant, F.W. The Numerical Bible: Hebrews to Revelation. 4th ed. New York: Loizeaux Brothers, 1932.

Green, Michael. The Second Epistle General of Peter and the General Epistle of Jude. In The Tyndale New Testament Commentaries. London: The Tyndale Press, 1968.

Huther, Joh. Ed. Critical and Exegetical Handbook to the General Epistles of Peter and Jude. In Meyer’s Critical and Exegetical Commentary on the New Testament. Edinburgh: T. & T. Clark, 1881.

Ironside, H.A. Expository Notes on the Epistles of Peter. New York: Loizeaux Brothers, 1947.

James, Montague Rhodes. “The Second Epistle General of Peter and the General Epistle of Jude.” In Cambridge Greek Testament for Schools and Colleges. Cambridge: University Press, 1912.

Jowett, John Henry. The Epistles of St. Peter. 1904. Reprint. Grand Rapids: Kregel Publications, 1970.

Kelly, J.N.D. A Commentary on the Epistles of Peter and of Jude. In Harper’s New Testament Commentaries. New York: Harper & Row, 1969.

Kugelman, Richard. “James & Jude.” In New Testament Message. A Biblical-Theological Commentary. Edited by Wilfrid Harrington and Donald Senior. Wilmington, Del.: Michael Glazier, 1980.

Lawlor, George Lawrence. Translation and Exposition of the Epistle of Jude. Nutley, N.J.: Presbyterian & Reformed, 1972.

Lenski, R.C.H. The Interpretation of the Epistles of St. Peter, St. John and St. Jude. Columbus, Ohio: Lutheran Book Concern, 1938. [Note: The 1945 edition, published by Wartburg Press of Columbus, Ohio, is paginated differently.]

Lillie, John. Lectures on the First and Second Epistles of Peter. 1869. Reprint. Minneapolis: Klock & Klock Christian Publishers, 1978.

Lumby, J. Rawson. “The Epistles of St. Peter.” In An Exposition of the Bible. Vol. VI. Ephesians—Revelation. Hartford, Conn.: The S. S. Scranton Co., 1903.

———. “The General Epistle of Jude.” In The Holy Bible According to the Authorized Version (a.d. 1611), With an Explanatory and Critical Commentary and a Revision of the Translation, By Bishops and Other Clergy of the Anglican Church. New Testament. Vol. 4. Edited by F.C. Cook. (Commonly referred to as The Speaker’s Commentary or Cook’s Commentary). London: John Murray, 1881.

———. “The Second Epistle General of Peter.” In The Speaker’s Commentary. Edited by F.C. Cook. London: John Murray, 1881.

MacDonald, William. II Peter & Jude: The Christian & Apostasy. Wheaton, Ill.: Harold Shaw Publishers, 1972.

Macknight, James. A New Literal Translation from the Original Greek, of All the Apostolical Epistles, with a Commentary, and Notes. 6 vols. 1821. Reprint. Grand Rapids: Baker Book House, 1969.

McNab, Andrew. “The General Epistles of Peter.” In The New Bible Commentary. Edited by F. Davidson. Grand Rapids: Eerdmans, 1953.

Manton, Thomas. An Exposition of Jude. Reprint. Wilmington, Del.: Sovereign Grace Publishers, 1972.

Mayor, Joseph B. The Epistle of St. Jude and the Second Epistle of St. Peter. Greek Text with Introduction, Notes and Comments. 1907. Reprint. Minneapolis: Klock & Klock Christian Publishers, 1978.

———. “The General Epistle of Jude.” In The Expositor’s Greek Testament. Vol. 5. 1897–1910. Reprint. Grand Rapids: Eerdmans, 1952.

Miller, John. Notes on James, I and II Peter, I, II and III John, Jude. Bradford, England: Needed Truth Publishing Office, n.d.

Mitchell, A.F. Hebrews and the General Epistles. In The Westminster New Testament. London: Andrew Melrose, 1911.

Moffatt, James. The General Epistles, James, Peter, and Judas. In The Moffatt New Testament Commentaries. 1928. Reprint. London: Hodder and Stoughton, 1947.

Mounce, Robert H. A Living Hope. A Commentary on 1 and 2 Peter. Grand Rapids: Eerdmans, 1982.

Nieboer, J. Practical Exposition of 2 Peter Verse by Verse. Erie, Pa.: Our Daily Walk Publishers, 1952.

Paine, Stephen W. “The Second Epistle of Peter.” In The Wycliffe Bible Commentary. Edited by Charles F. Pfeiffer and Everett F. Harrison. Chicago: Moody Press, 1962.

Payne, David F. “The Second Letter of Peter.” In A New Testament Commentary. Edited by G.C.D. Howley. Grand Rapids: Zondervan, 1969.

Pentecost, Edward C. “Jude.” In The Bible Knowledge Commentary. An Exposition of the Scripture by Dallas Seminary Faculty: New Testament. Edited by John F. Walvoord and Roy B. Zuck. Wheaton: Victor Books, 1983.

Plummer, Alfred. “The General Epistle of Jude.” In Ellicott’s Commentary on the Whole Bible. Vol. 8. Reprint. Grand Rapids: Zondervan, n.d.

———. “The General Epistles of St. James and St. Jude.” In An Exposition of the Bible. Vol. VI. Hartford, Conn.: The S.S. Scranton Co., 1903.

———. “The Second Epistle General of Peter.” In Ellicott’s Commentary on the Whole Bible. Vol. 8. Reprint. Grand Rapids: Zondervan, n.d.

Plumptre, E.H. The General Epistles of St. Peter & St. Jude. In The Cambridge Bible for Schools and Colleges. Cambridge: University Press, 1893.

Poole, Matthew. A Commentary on the Holy Bible. Volume III: Matthew-Revelation. 1685. Reprint. Edinburgh: The Banner of Truth Trust, 1979.

Reicke, Bo. The Epistles of James, Peter, and Jude. In The Anchor Bible. Garden City, N.Y.: Doubleday & Co., 1964.

Robertson, Robert. “The General Epistle of Jude.” In The New Bible Commentary. Edited by F. Davidson. Grand Rapids: Eerdmans, 1953.

Rose, Delbert R. “The Epistle of Jude.” In Beacon Bible Commentary. Vol. X. Kansas City, Mo.: Beacon Hill Press, 1967.

Sadler, M.F. The General Epistles of St. James, Peter, John, and Jude, with Notes Critical and Practical. London: George Bell and Sons. 1899.

Salmond, S.D.F. “Jude.” The Pulpit Commentary. Reprint. Grand Rapids: Eerdmans, n.d.

Sidebottom, E.M. James, Jude, and 2 Peter. In The New Century Bible Commentary. 1967. Reprint. Grand Rapids: Eerdmans, 1982.

Strachan, R.H. “The Second Epistle General of Peter.” In The Expositor’s Greek Testament. Vol. V. Grand Rapids: Eerdmans, n.d.

Summers, Ray. “Jude.” In The Broadman Bible Commentary. Volume 12, Hebrews-Revelation. Nashville: Broadman Press, 1972.

———. “2 Peter.” In The Broadman Bible Commentary, Volume 12. Hebrews-Revelation. Nashville: Broadman Press, 1972.

Thomas, W.H. Griffith. The Apostle Peter. Outline Studies in His Life, Character, and Writings. Grand Rapids: Eerdmans, 1946.

Thompson, R. Duane. “Jude.” In The Wesley Bible Commentary. Volume 6. Grand Rapids: Eerdmans, 1966.

Trapp, John. Trapp’s Commentary on the New Testament. 1865. Reprint. Evansville, Ind.: Sovereign Grace Book Club, 1958.

Vincent, Marvin R. Word Studies in the New Testament. Vol. 1. 1887. Reprint. Grand Rapids: Eerdmans, 1946.

Wand, J.W.C. The General Epistles of St. Peter and St. Jude. In Westminster Commentaries. London: Methuen & Co., 1934.

Ward, Ronald A. The Epistles of John and Jude. A Study Manual. In Shield Bible Study Series. Grand Rapids: Baker Book House, 1965.

Wheaton, David H. “Jude.” In The New Bible Commentary, Revised. Edited by D. Guthrie and J. A. Motyer. Downers Grove, Ill.: InterVarsity Press, 1970.

———. “2 Peter.” In The New Bible Commentary, Revised. Edited by D. Guthrie and J.A. Motyer. Downers Grove, Ill.: InterVarsity Press, 1970.

Whedon, D.D., A Popular Commentary on The New Testament, V. Titus-Revelation. London: Hodder and Stoughton, 1880.

Williams, George. The Student’s Commentary on the Holy Scriptures, Analytical, Synoptical, and Synthetical. 1926. Reprint. London: Oliphants, 1949.

Williams, Nathaniel Marshman. “Commentary on the Epistle of Jude.” In An American Commentary on the New Testament. 1888. Reprint. Philadelphia: American Baptist Publication Society, n.d.

———. “Commentary on the Epistles of Peter.” In An American Commentary on the New Testament. 1888. Reprint. Philadelphia: American Baptist Pub. Society, n.d.

Wolff, Richard. A Commentary on the Epistle of Jude. Grand Rapids: Zondervan, 1960.

———. General Epistles of James & Jude. In Contemporary Commentaries. Wheaton, Ill.: Tyndale House Publishers, 1969.

Woods, Guy N. A Commentary on the New Testament Epistles of Peter, John, and Jude. Nashville.: Gospel Advocate Co., 1954.

 

其他书籍

Aland, Kurt. “The Problem of Anonymity and Pseudonymity in Christian Literature of the First Two Centuries.” In The Authorship and Integrity of the New Testament. Theological Collections, 4. London: Marshall, Morgan & Scott, 1955.

Baxter, J. Sidlow. Explore the Book. Vol. 6. London: Marshall, Morgan & Scott, 1955.

Billerbeck, Paul. Die Briefe des Neuen Testaments und die Offenbarung Johannis Erläutert aus Talmud und Midrasch. Munich: C.H. Beck’sche Verlagsbuchhandlung, 1926.

Brown, Colin, ed. The New International Dictionary of New Testament Theology. 3 vols. Grand Rapids: Zondervan, 1975–1978.

Dana, H.E. Jewish Christianity. New Orleans: Bible Inst. Memorial Press, 1937.

Davidheiser, Bolton. Science and the Bible. Grand Rapids: Baker Book House, 1971.

Deissman, G. Adolf. Light from the Ancient East. Translated by Lionel R. M. Strachan. London: Hodder and Stoughton, 1910.

Douglas, J. D., ed. The New International Dictionary of the Christian Church. Grand Rapids: Zondervan, 1974.

Eusebius Pamphilus. The Ecclesiastical History of Eusebius Pamphilus. Translated by C. F. Cruse. London: George Bell and Sons, 1897.

Fairbairn, Patrick, ed. Fairbairn’s Imperial Standard Bible Encyclopedia, Historical, Biographical, Geographical and Doctrinal. 6 vols. 1891. Reprint. Grand Rapids: Zondervan, 1957.

Fausset, A.R. Bible Cyclopedia, Critical and Expository. Hartford, Conn.: The S.S. Scranton Co., 1902.

Guthrie, Donald. “The Development of the Idea of Canonical Pseudepigrapha in New Testament Criticism.” In The Authorship and Integrity of the New Testament. Theological Collections. 4. London: S.P.C.K., 1965.

Helmbold, A. The Nag Hammadi Gnostic Texts and the Bible. Grand Rapids: Baker Book House, 1967.

Hennecke, Edgar. New Testament Apocrypha. Edited by Wilhelm Schneemelcher. Eng. translation edited by R. McL. Wilson. Vol. II. Philadelphia: The Westminster Press, 1964.

Hiebert, D. Edmond. The Epistle of James. Tests of a Living Faith. Chicago: Moody Press, 1979.

———. Mark, A Portrait of the Servant. Chicago: Moody Press, 1974.

Jamieson, Robert, A.R. Fausset, and David Brown. A Commentary, Critical and Explanatory, on the Old and New Testaments. Vol. I. Old Testament. Hartford: The S.S. Scranton Co., n.d.

Josephus, Flavius. The Life and Works of Flavius Josephus. Translated by William Whiston. Philadelphia: The John C. Winston Co., n.d.

Knibb, Michael A. The Ethiopic Book of Enoch, Volume 2, Introduction, Translation and Commentary. Oxford: Clarendon Press, 1978.

Lightfoot, J.B. Saint Paul’s Epistle to the Philippians. London: Macmillan and Co., 1898.

Lockyer, Herbert. Selected Scripture Summaries from the New Testament. Vol. 2. Grand Rapids: Baker Book House, 1975.

Mason, Clarence E., Jr. Prophetic Problems with Alternate Solutions. Chicago: Moody Press, 1973.

Metzger, Bruce M. A Textual Commentary on the Greek New Testament. London: United Bible Societies, 1971.

Morgan, G. Campbell. Living Messages of the Books of The Bible, New Testament. Book Two. New York: Fleming H. Revell Co., 1912.

Pentecost, J. Dwight. Things to Come. A Study in Biblical Eschatology. Findlay, Ohio: Dunham, 1958.

Plummer, Alfred. A Commentary on St. Paul’s First Epistle to the Thessalonians. London: Robert Scott, 1918.

Roberts, Alexander, and James Donaldson, eds. The Ante-Nicene Fathers. Vol. I. Grand Rapids: Eerdmans, 1956.

Roberts, Kate Louise, comp. Hoyt’s New Cyclopedia of Practical Quotations. New York: Funk & Wagnalls Co., 1940.

Seiss, J.A. The Apocalypse, Lectures on the Book of Revelation. Reprint. Grand Rapids: Zondervan, n.d.

Sevenster, J.N. Do You Know Greek? How Much Greek Could Jewish Christians Have Known? Leiden: Brill, 1968.

Smith, George Adam. The Historical Geography of the Holy Land. New York: A.C. Armstrong, 1907.

Smith, Wilbur M. This Atomic Age and the Word of God. Boston: W. A. Wilde Co., 1948.

Stanton, Gerald B. Kept from the Hour. Grand Rapids: Zondervan, 1956.

Strong, Augustus H. Popular Lectures on The Books of the New Testament. Philadelphia: The Judson Press, 1914.

Tenney, Merrill C., ed. The Zondervan Pictorial Bible Dictionary. Grand Rapids: Zondervan, 1963.

———., ed. The Zondervan Pictorial Encyclopedia of the Bible. 5 vols. Grand Rapids: Zondervan, 1975.

Walls, Andrew F. “The Canon of the New Testament.” In The Expositor’s Bible Commentary. Vol. I. Grand Rapids: Zondervan, 1979.

Walvoord, John F. Daniel, The Key to Prophetic Revelation. Chicago: Moody Press, 1971.

———. The Thessalonian Epistles. Findlay, Ohio: Dunham, 1955.

Willett, Herbert L., and James M. Campbell. The Teachings of the Books. New York: Fleming H. Revell, 1899.

 

词典、百科全书与期刊文章

Albright, W.F. “The Archaeological Results of an Expedition to Moab and the Dead Sea.” Bulletin of the American Schools of Oriental Research 14 (1924): 5–9.

Alden, R.L. “Sodom.” In The Zondervan Pictorial Encyclopedia of the Bible. Edited by Merrill C. Tenney. Grand Rapids: Zondervan, 1975, 5:466–68.

Andersen, H.G. “Enoch, Books of.” In The Zondervan Pictorial Encyclopedia of the Bible. Edited by Merrill C. Tenney. Grand Rapids: Zondervan, 1975, 2:309–12.

Bauder, W. “spoudē.” In The New International Dictionary of New Testament Theology. Edited by Colin Brown. Grand Rapids: Zondervan, 1978, 3:1168–69.

Bauernfeind, Otto, “aretē.” In Theological Dictionary of the New Testament. Edited by Gerhard Kittel. Grand Rapids: Eerdmans, 1964, 1:457–61.

Bertram, Georg. “empaigmonē, empaigmos, empaiktēs.” In Theological Dictionary of the New Testament. Edited by Gerhard Kittel. Grand Rapids: Eerdmans, 1964, 5:635–36.

Beyreuther, E. “Like, Equal.” In The New International Dictionary of New Testament Theology. Edited by Colin Brown. 1976, 2:496–500.

Blaiklock, E.M. “Sodom.” In The Zondervan Pictorial Bible Dictionary. Edited by Merrill C. Tenney. Grand Rapids: Zondervan, 1963, p. 800.

Brown, Colin. “Day of the Lord (Yahweh)”, in The Zondervan Pictorial Encyclopedia of the Bible. Edited by Merrill C. Tenney. Grand Rapids: Zondervan, 1975, 2:46–47.

———. “The Parousia and Eschatology.” In The New International Dictionary of New Testament Theology. Edited by Colin Brown. 1976, 2:901–35.

 

 


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