《生命宝训解经注释系列——约翰书信》版权信息;前言;圣经版本信息;参考书目
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《生命宝训解经注释系列——约翰书信》版权信息;前言;圣经版本信息;参考书目

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英文版版权信息:

Originally published in the U.S.A. under the title:

The Epistles of John: An Expositional Commentary

by D. Edmond Hiebert

Copyright © 1991 by Bob Jones University Press

Greenville, South Carolina 29614.

中文版版权信息:

中文简体版版权©生命智源咨询服务有限责任公司,2014。

版权所有

获许可使用


前言

历数基督教历史的不同阶段,敬虔的信徒一贯珍爱约翰书信,视之为新约圣经极其珍贵的组成部分。这些书信壮丽简洁的内容不断地滋养着最卑微信徒的信心,并激发他们的生命;同时,其深邃教导也挑战着最博学的解经学者。它们曾是无数解经讲道和学术著作的主题,然而,其无穷的内容仍持续激发着对天启真理历久弥新的研究。

这本《<约翰书信>注释》着意探究这些书信的丰盛启示,以期对勤勉学子的研经有所助益。英语经文引自大众熟知的英王钦定本(King James Version),但注释的直接依据是希腊原文。尽管本注释依据的是希腊文本,却也兼顾了那些未必精通希腊文知识的学生。对于被注解的经节,必先给出英文,然后在括号中标注希腊文音译(transliteration)。希腊文本的各方面会根据需要加以解释,好让约翰信息的重要性更加完整地呈现出来。

罗列出书信主要内容的详细大纲,会出现在每卷书信的注释之前,也会贯穿整个注释部分,作为展开信息的指南。

青少年时期这些书信就引起了我的注意,那时我急切地想对基督徒的信仰和生活获得整全的理解。从那以后,它们就一直是我个人学习和课堂阐释的对象。我为解开这些书信所作的努力,得益于许多资源,这些资源将在脚注和参考书目中出现。


圣经版本信息

欲知以下圣经版本的完整出版信息,请看本注释的参考书目。

 

ASV American Standard Version (1901)

美国标准译本

 

Goodspeed Edgar J. Goodspeed, The New Testament, An American Translation (1923)

古德斯皮德译本

 

KJV King James Version (1611)

英王钦定本

 

NASB New American Standard Bible (1971)

新美国标准圣经

 

NEB New English Bible (2nd ed. 1979)

新英文圣经

 

NIV New International Version (1978)

国际译本

 

NKJV New King James Bible (1979)

英王钦定本

 

Rotherham Joseph Bryant Rotherham, The Emphasized New Testament (1878)

罗瑟译本

 

RSV Revised Standard Version (1946)

修订标准译本

 

RV English Revised Version (1881)

修订译本

 

TEV Today’s English Version (1966)

今日英译本

 

T.R. Textus Receptus

公认经文


参考书目

圣经文本

希腊文本

Aland, Kurt, Matthew Black, Bruce M. Metzger, and Allen Wikgren. The Greek New Testament. 1st ed. American Bible Society, British and Foreign Bible Society, National Bible Society of Scotland, Netherlands Bible Society, Württemberg Bible Society, 1966.

Aland, Kurt, Matthew Black, Carlo M. Martini, Bruce M. Metzger, and Allen Wikgren. The Greek New Testament. 3rd ed. United Bible Societies, 1975.

Hē Kainē Diathēkē. The New Testament. The Greek Text Underlying the English Authorized Version of 1611. London: Trinitarian Bible Society, 1977.

Hodges, Zane C., and Arthur L. Farstad. The Greek New Testament According to the Majority Text. Nashville: Thomas Nelson Publishers, 1982.

Nestle, Eberhard. Hē Kainē Diathēkē. Text with Critical Apparatus. 1904. Reprint. London: British and Foreign Bible Society, 1951.

Nestle, Erwin, and Kurt Aland, ed. Novum Testamentum Graece. 22nd ed. New York: American Bible Society, 1956.

Nestle, Erwin, and Kurt Aland. Novum Testamentum Graece. 26th ed. Stuttgart: Deutsche Biblestiftung, 1979.

Scrivener, F. H. Hē Kainē Diathēkē. Novum Testamentum Textus Stephanici a.d. 1550. London: Cantabrigiae, Dieghton, Bell Et Soc, 1867. (The Textus Receptus)

Souter, Alexander. Hē Kainē Diathēkē. Novum Testamentum. 1947. Reprint. Oxford: University Press, 1962.

Tasker, R.V.G. The Greek New Testament, Being the Text Translated in the New English Bible 1961. Oxford: University Press, 1964.

Westcott, Brooke Foss, and Fenton John Anthony Hort. The New Testament in the Original Greek. 2nd ed. 1907. Reprint. New York: Macmillan Co., 1935.

 

英文译本

American Standard Version. The Holy Bible Containing the Old and New Testaments. New York: Thomas Nelson & Sons, 1901.

The Amplified Bible. Grand Rapids: Zondervan, 1965.

The Everyday Bible, New Century Version. Fort Worth, Texas: Worthy Publishing, 1987.

Good News for Modern Man: The New Testament in Today’s English Version. New York: American Bible Society, 1966.

Goodspeed, Edgar J. The New Testament, An American Translation. Chicago: University of Chicago Press, 1923.

Jerusalem Bible. The New Testament of the Jerusalem Bible. Reader’s edition. Edited by Alexander Jones et al. 1966. Reprint. Garden City, N.Y.: Doubleday & Co. 1969.

King James Version. The Holy Bible Containing the Old and New Testaments. Nashville: Holman Bible Publishers, 1979.

The Living Bible Paraphrased. Wheaton, Ill.: Tyndale House Publishers, 1971.

Moffatt, James. The New Testament, A New Translation. Rev. ed. New York: Hodder & Stoughton, n.d.

Montgomery, Helen Barrett. The New Testament in Modern English. Philadelphia: Judson Press, 1924.

New American Bible, The New Testament. Washington, D.C.: Publications Office, United States Catholic Conference, 1977.

New American Standard Bible. Carol Stream, Ill.: Creation House, 1971.

New English Bible. Oxford and Cambridge: University Press, 1961, 1970.

New International Version. The Holy Bible Containing the Old Testament and the New Testament. Grand Rapids: Zondervan, 1978.

New King James Bible, New Testament. Nashville: Royal Publishers, 1979.

Revised Standard Version. The Holy Bible, Containing the Old and New Testaments. Philadelphia: A. J. Holman Co., 1962.

Revised Version. The New Testament of Our Lord and Saviour Jesus Christ Translated Out of the Greek, a.d. 1881. New York: Harper & Brothers, 1881. (English Revised Version)

Rotherham, Joseph Bryant. The Emphasized New Testament. 1878. Reprint. Grand Rapids: Kregel Publications, 1959.

The Twentieth Century New Testament. A Translation into Modern English. Reprint. Chicago: Moody Press, n.d.

Verkuyla, Gerrit, ed. The Modern Language Bible, The New Berkeley Version. Grand Rapids: Zondervan, 1969.

Weymouth, Richard Francis. The New Testament in Modern Speech. Revised by James Alexander Robertson. 5th ed. New York: Harper and Brothers, 1929.

语法、词汇、词语研究

Abbott-Smith, G. A Manual Greek Lexicon of the New Testament, 3rd ed. Edinburgh: T. & T. Clark, 1937.

Arndt, William F., and F. Wilbur Gingrich. A Greek-English Lexicon of the New Testament and Other Early Christian Literature. Chicago: University of Chicago Press, 1957.

Blass, F., and A. Debrunner. A Greek Grammar of the New Testament and Other Early Christian Literature. Translated and revised by Robert W. Funk. Chicago: University of Chicago Press, 1961.

Cremer, Herman. Biblico-Theological Lexicon of New Testament Greek. Translated from the German by William Urwick. Reprint. Edinburgh: T. & T. Clark, 1954.

Dana, H. E., and Julius R. Mantey. A Manual Grammar of the Greek New Testament. New York: Macmillan Co., 1967.

Liddell, Henry George, and Robert Scott. A Greek-English Lexicon. 7th ed. Oxford: Clarendon Press, 1890.

Louw, Johannes P., and Eugene A. Nida, ed. Greek-English Lexicon of the New Testament Based on Semantic Domains. 2 vols. New York: United Bible Societies, 1988.

Metzger, Bruce M. Lexical Aids for Students of New Testament Greek. Princeton: Published by the author, 1955.

———. A Textual Commentary on the Greek New Testament. London, New York: United Bible Societies, 1971. [A companion volume to United Bible Societies, The Greek New Testament, 3rd ed., 1975.]

Moulton, James Hope, and George Milligan. The Vocabulary of the Greek Testament Illustrated from the Papyri and Other Non-Literary Sources. 1930. Reprint. London: Hodder and Stoughton, 1952.

Moulton, W. F., and A. S. Geden. A Concordance to the Greek Testament. 3rd ed. 1926. Reprint. Edinburgh: T. & T. Clark, 1950.

Robertson, A. T. A Grammar of the Greek New Testament in the Light of Historical Research. 5th ed. New York: Richard H. Smith, 1914.

Robertson, A. T., and W. Hersey Davis. A New Short Grammar of the Greek Testament. 1931. Reprint. New York: Harper & Row, 1935.

Trench, Richard Chenevix. Synonyms of the New Testament. 1880. Reprint. Grand Rapids: Eerdmans, 1947.

Vine, W. E. An Expository Dictionary of New Testament Words with Their Precise Meanings for English Readers. 4 vols. London: Oliphants, 1939.

新约导论

Allen, Willoughby C., and L. W. Grensted. Introduction to the Books of the New Testament, 3rd ed. Edinburgh: T. & T. Clark, 1936.

Goodspeed, Edgar J. An Introduction to the New Testament. Chicago: University of Chicago Press, 1937.

Guthrie, Donald. New Testament Introduction. Rev. ed. Downers Grove, Ill.: Inter-Varsity Press, 1970.

Hiebert, D. Edmond. An Introduction to the New Testament. Vol. 1. The Gospels and Acts. Chicago: Moody Press, 1975.

Moffatt, James. An Introduction to the Literature of the New Testament. 3rd ed. 1918. Reprint. Edinburgh: T. & T. Clark, 1949.

Robert, A., and A. Feuillet. Introduction to the New Testament. Translated from the French. New York: Desclee Company, 1965.

Salmon, George. An Historical Introduction to the Study of the Books of the New Testament. 9th ed. London: John Murray, 1904.

Scroggie, W. Graham. Know Your Bible, A Brief Introduction to the Scriptures. Vol. 2. The New Testament. London: Pickering & Inglis, n.d.

Zahn, Theodor. Introduction to the New Testament. Translated from the 3rd German ed. 3 vols. Edinburgh: T. & T. Clark, 1909.

关于约翰书信的书籍

Alexander, Neil. The Epistles of John. Torch Bible Commentaries. New York: Macmillan, 1962.

Alexander, W. “The First Epistle General of John,” and “The Third Epistle of John.” In The Speaker’s Commentary, New Testament. Vol. 4. London: John Murray, 1881.

Alford, Henry. The Greek Testament. 4th ed. 4 vols. London: Rivingtons, 1871.

———. The New Testament for English Readers [1865–1872]. Reprint. Chicago: Moody Press [1958].

Augustine. Ten Homilies on the First Epistle of John. Translated by H. Browne. Nicene and Post-Nicene Fathers of the Christian Church. 1st series. Reprint. Grand Rapids: Eerdmans, 1974.

Barclay, William. The Letters of John and Jude. Daily Study Bible. Philadelphia: Westminster Press, 1958.

Barker, Glen W. “1 John,” “2 John,” and “3 John.” In The Expositor’s Bible Commentary. Vol. 12. Grand Rapids: Zondervan, 1981.

Bengel, John Albert. New Testament Word Studies. Translated by Charlton T. Lewis and Marvin R. Vincent. 2 vols. Originally published as Gnomen of the New Testament, 1864. Reprint. Grand Rapids: Kregel, 1971.

Bennett, W. H. The General Epistles, James, Peter, John, and Jude. The Century Bible. London: Blackwood, Le Bas & Co., n.d.

Blair, J. Allen. The Epistles of John: Devotional Studies on Living Confidently. Neptune, N.J.: Loizeaux Brothers, 1982.

Blaney, Harvey J.S. “The First Epistle of John.” In Beacon Bible Commentary. Vol. 10. Kansas City, Mo.: Beacon Hill Press, 1969.

Boice, James Montgomery. The Epistles of John. Grand Rapids: Zondervan, 1979.

Brooke, A. E. A Critical and Exegetical Commentary on the Johannine Epistles. International Critical Commentary. New York: Charles Scribner’s Sons, 1912.

Brown, Raymond E. The Epistles of John. The Anchor Bible. Garden City, N.Y.: Doubleday & Co., 1982.

Bruce, F. F. The Epistles of John. Old Tappan, N.J.: Revell, 1975.

Bultmann, Rudolf. The Johannine Epistles. Hermeneia—A Critical and Historical Commentary on the Bible. Philadelphia: Fortress Press, 1973.

Burdick, Donald W. The Letters of John the Apostle, An In-Depth Commentary. Chicago: Moody Press, 1985.

Calvin, John. Commentaries on the Catholic Epistles. Translated by John Owen 1855. Reprint. Grand Rapids: Eerdmans, 1948.

Candlish, Robert S. The First Epistle of John. 1871. Reprint. Grand Rapids: Zondervan, n.d.

Clark, Gordon H. First John, A Commentary. Phillipsburg, N.J.: Presbyterian and Reformed, n.d.

Cox, Leo G. “First, Second, and Third John.” In The Wesleyan Bible Commentary. Vol. 6. Grand Rapids: Eerdmans, 1966.

Cox, Samuel. The Epistles of John. 1865. Reprint. Minneapolis: Klock & Klock Christian Publishers, 1982. (Reprint bound in one volume with James Morgan, The Epistles of John [q.v.].)

Culpepper, R. Alan. 1 John, 2 John, 3 John. Knox Preaching Guides. Atlanta: John Knox Press, 1985.

Dammers, A. H. God Is Light, God Is Love, A Running Commentary on the First Letter of John. New York: Association Press, 1963.

Dana, H. E. The Epistles and Apocalypse of John. Kansas City, Kan.: Central Seminary Press, 1947.

Dodd, C. H. The Johannine Epistles. Moffatt New Testament Commentary. New York: Harper & Row, 1946.

Drummond R. J., and Leon Morris. “The Epistles of John.” In The New Bible Commentary. Grand Rapids: Eerdmans, 1953.

Ebrard, John H. A. Biblical Commentary on the Epistles of St. John. Translated by W. B. Pope. Edinburgh: T. & T. Clark, 1860.

Everest, Quinton J. Messages from 1 John. South Bend, Ind.: Your Worship Hour, 1982.

Fausset, A. R. “The First General Epistle of John,” “The Second General Epistle of John,” and “The Third General Epistle of John.” In Robert Jamieson, A. R. Fausset, and David Brown, A Commentary, Critical and Explanatory, on the Old and New Testaments. American ed. Vol. 2. New Testament. Hartford, Conn.: S. S. Scranton Co., n.d.

Findlay, George C. Fellowship in the Life Eternal, An Exposition of the Epistles of St John. 1909. Reprint. Grand Rapids: Eerdmans, 1955.

Fisher, Fred L. “2 John.” In The Biblical Expositor, The Living Themes of the Great Book. Vol. 3. The New Testament. Philadelphia: A. J. Holman Co., 1960.

Gibbon, J. M. Eternal Life, Notes of Expository Sermons on the Epistles of S. John. London: Richard D. Dickinson, 1890.

Gingrich, Raymond E. An Outline and Analysis of the First Epistle of John. Grand Rapids: Zondervan, 1943.

Grayston, Kenneth. The Johannine Epistles. New Century Bible Commentary. Grand Rapids: Eerdmans, 1984.

Gutzke, Manford George. Plain Talk on the Epistles of John. Grand Rapids: Zondervan, 1977.

Haupt, Erich. The First Epistle of St. John. A Contribution to Biblical Theology. Translated by W. B. Pope. Edinburgh: T. & T. Clark, 1893.

Hobbs, Herschel H. The Epistles of John. Nashville: Thomas Nelson Publishers, 1983.

Hodges, Zane C. “1 John,” “2 John,” and “3 John.” In The Bible Knowledge Commentary, New Testament. Wheaton, Ill.: Victor Books, 1983.

Houlden, J. L. A Commentary on the Johannine Epistles. Harper’s New Testament Commentaries. New York: Harper & Row, 1973.

Jackman, David. The Message of John’s Letters. The Bible Speaks Today. Downers Grove, Ill.: Inter-Varsity Press, 1988.

Kelly, William. An Exposition of the Epistles of John the Apostle. 1905. Reprint. Oak Park, Ill.: Bible Truth Publishers, 1970.

King, Guy H. The Fellowship, An Expositional Study of 1 John. 1954. Reprint. Fort Washington, Pa.: Christian Literature Crusade, 1971.

Kistemaker, Simon J. Exposition of the Epistle of James and the Epistles of John. New Testament Commentary. Grand Rapids: Baker, 1986.

Kysar, Robert. I, II, III John. Augsburg Commentary on the New Testament. Minneapolis: Augsburg, 1986.

Laurin, Roy L. First John, Life at Its Best. 1957. Reprint. Grand Rapids: Kregel, 1987.

Law, Robert. The Tests of Life. Edinburgh, T. & T. Clark, 1909.

Lenski, R.C.H. The Interpretation of the Epistles of St. Peter, St. John and St. Jude. Columbus, Ohio: Wartburg Press, 1945.

Lias, John James. An Exposition of the First Epistle of John. 1887. Reprint. Minneapolis: Klock & Klock Christian Publishers, 1982.

McDowell, Edward A. “1-2-3 John.” In The Broadman Bible Commentary. Vol. 12. Nashville: Broadman Press, 1972.

Marshall, I. Howard. The Epistles of John. New International Commentary on the New Testament. Grand Rapids: Eerdmans, 1978.

Miller, John. Notes on James, I and II Peter, I, II and III John, Jude. Bradford, England: Needed Truth Publishing Office, n.d.

Moody, Dale. The Letters of John. Waco, Texas: Word Books, 1970.

Moorehead, William G. Catholic Epistles-James, I and II Peter, I, II, III John, and Jude. Outline Studies in the New Testament. New York: Revell, 1908.

Morgan, James. The Epistles of John. 1865. Reprint. Minneapolis: Klock & Klock Christian Publishers, 1982.

Morris, Leon. “3 John.” In The New Bible Commentary. Rev. ed. Downers Grove, Ill.: Inter-Varsity Press, 1970.

Ogilvie, Lloyd John. When God First Thought of You, The Full Measure of Love as Found in 1, 2, 3 John. Waco, Texas: Word Books, 1978.

Orr, R. W. “The Letters of John.” In A New Testament Commentary. Grand Rapids: Zondervan, 1969.

Palmer, Earl F. 1, 2, 3 John, Revelation. The Communicator’s Commentary. Waco, Texas: Word Books, Publisher, 1982.

Pentecost, J. Dwight. The Joy of Fellowship. Grand Rapids: Zondervan, 1977.

Plummer, Alfred. The Epistles of S. John. Cambridge Bible for Schools and Colleges. 1883. Reprint. London: Cambridge University Press, 1938.

Ross, Alexander. The Epistles of James and John. New International Commentary on the New Testament. Grand Rapids: 1954.

Sawtelle, Henry A. “Commentary on the Epistles of John.” In An American Commentary on the New Testament. 1888. Reprint. Philadelphia: American Baptist Publications Society, n.d.

Smalley, Stephen S. 1, 2, 3 John. Word Biblical Commentary. Waco, Texas: Word Books, 1984.

Smith, David. “The Epistles of St. John.” In The Expositor’s Greek Testament. [1897]. Reprint. Grand Rapids: Eerdmans, n.d.

Stott, J.R.W. The Epistles of John. Tyndale New Testament Commentaries. Grand Rapids: Eerdmans, 1964.

Strauss, Lehman. The Epistles of John. 1962. Reprint. Neptune, N.J.: Loizeaux Brothers, 1984.

Trapp, John. Trapp’s Commentary on the New Testament. 1865. Reprint. Evansville, Ind.: The Sovereign Grace Book Club, 1958.

Van Gorder, Paul R. Lessons from First John. Grand Rapids: Radio Bible Class, 1978.

Vine, W. E. The Epistles of John, Light, Love, Life. Grand Rapids: Zondervan, n.d.

Ward, Ronald A. The Epistles of John and Jude. A Study Manual. Grand Rapids: Baker, 1965.

Westcott, Brooke Foss. The Epistles of St. John, The Greek Text with Notes. 3rd ed. 1892. Reprint. Grand Rapids: Eerdmans, 1950.

White, R.E.O. Open Letter to Evangelicals, A Devotional and Homiletic Commentary on the First Epistle of John. Grand Rapids: Eerdmans, 1964.

Wiersbe, Warren W. Be Real. Wheaton, Ill.: Victor Books, 1972.

Wilder Amos N., and Paul W. Hoon. “The First, Second, and Third Epistles of John.” In The Interpreter’s Bible. Vol. 12. New York: Abingdon Press, 1957.

Williams, George. The Student’s Commentary on the Holy Scriptures, Analytical, Synoptical, and Synthetical. 5th ed. London: Oliphants, 1949.

Williams, R. R. The Letters of John and James. Cambridge Commentary on the New English Bible. Cambridge: University Press, 1965.

其他书籍

Brown, Raymond E. The Community of the Beloved Disciple. New York: Paulist Press, 1979.

Bruce, F. F. Answers to Questions. Grand Rapids: Zondervan, 1973.

Cullman, Oscar. The Johannine Circle. Philadelphia: Westminster Press, 1975.

Culpepper, R. Alan. The Johannine School: An Evaluation of the Johannine-School Hypothesis Based on an Investigation of the Nature of Ancient Schools. Society of Biblical Literature Dissertation Series. No. 26. Missoula, Mont.: Scholars Press, 1975.

Deissmann, Adolf. Light from the Ancient East. London: Hodder and Stoughton, 1910.

Douglas, J. D., ed. The New International Dictionary of the Christian Church. Grand Rapids: Zondervan, 1974.

Enroth, Ronald. The Lure of the Cults and New Religions. Downers Grove, Ill.: Inter-Varsity Christian Fellowship, 1987.

Farrar, F. W. The Early Days of Christianity. Author’s ed. New York: Cassell, n.d.

———. The Messages of the Books, Being Discourses and Notes on the Books of the New Testament. New York: E. P. Dutton, 1897.

Fraser, Donald. Synoptical Lectures on the Books of Holy Scripture, Romans-Revelation. New York: Robert Carter & Brothers, 1876.

Greenlee, J. Harold. Introduction to New Testament Textual Criticism. Grand Rapids: 1964.

Hiebert, D. Edmond. Working With God: Scriptural Studies in Intercession. New York: Carlton Press, 1987.

Hogg, C. F., and W. E. Vine. The Epistles to the Thessalonians, with Notes Exegetical and Expository. 1914. Reprint. Grand Rapids: Kregel, 1959.

Hunt, Dave. The Cult Explosion. Irvine, Calf.: Harvest House Publishers, 1980.

Hunt, Dave, and T. A. McMahon. The Seduction of Christianity, Spiritual Discernment in the Last Days, Eugene, Ore.: Harvest House Publishers, 1985.

Johnstone, P. J. Operation World, A Handbook for World Intercession. Bromley, Kent, England: STL Publications, 1978.

Marrs, Texe. Dark Secrets of the New Age, Satan’s Plan For a One World Religion. Westchester, Ill.: Crossway Books, 1987.

Martin, Ralph P. New Testament Foundations: A Guide for Christian Students. Vol. 2. The Acts, The Letters, The Apocalypse. Grand Rapids: Eerdmans, 1978.

Nash, Ronald H. Christianity and the Hellenistic World. Grand Rapids: Zondervan, 1984.

Newman, J. H. Parochial and Plain Sermons. London: Longman’s, 1896.

Ramsay, W. M. The Church in the Roman Empire Before a.d. 180. New York: G. P. Putnam’s Sons, 1919.

Robertson, A. T. Word Pictures in the New Testament. Vol. 7. Nashville: Broadman Press, 1933.

Scholer, David M. “Sins Within and Sins Without: An Interpretation of 1 John 5:16–17.” In Current Issues in Biblical and Patristic Interpretation, edited by Gerald F. Hawthorne, pp. 230–46. Grand Rapids: Eerdmans, 1975.

Westcott, Brooke Foss. A General Survey of the History of the Canon of the New Testament. London: Macmillan, 1870.

词典、百科全书与期刊文章

Bietenhard, H. “Name, Onoma.” In The New International Dictionary of New Testament Theology, edited by Colin Brown. Grand Rapids: Zondervan, 1976, 2:648–55.

Bornkamm, Günther. “presbus, presbuteros.” In Theological Dictionary of the New Testament, edited by Gerhard Kittel. Grand Rapids: Eerdmans, 1964, 6:651–80.

Coenen, L. “Bishop, Presbyter, Elder.” In The New International Dictionary of New Testament Theology, edited by Colin Brown. Grand Rapids: Zondervan, 1975, 1:188–201.

Delling, G. “hupolambanō.” In Theological Dictionary of the New Testament, edited by Gerhard Kittel. Grand Rapids: Eerdmans, 1964, 4:15.

Foerster, Werner. “kuria.” In Theological Dictionary of the New Testament, edited by Gerhard Kittel. Grand Rapids: Eerdmans, 1964, 3:1095.

Funk, Robert W. “The Form and Structure of 2 and 3 John.” Journal of Biblical Literature 86 (1967):424–30.

Greeven, Heinrich. “euchomai, euchē.” In Theological Dictionary of the New Testament, edited by Gerhard Kittel. Grand Rapids: Eerdmans, 1964, 2:775–78.

Günther, W. “nikaō.” In The New International Dictionary of New Testament Theology, edited by Colin Brown. Grand Rapids: Zondervan, 1975, 1:650–52.

Hiebert, D. Edmond. “Satan.” In Zondervan Pictorial Encyclopedia of the Bible. Grand Rapids: Zondervan, 1975, 5:282–86.

Law, R. “Elect Lady.” In The International Standard Bible Encyclopedia. Grand Rapids: Eerdmans, 1939, 2:925.

———. “John, The Epistles of.” In The International Standard Bible Encyclopedia. Grand Rapids: Eerdmans, 1939, 3:1711–20.

Schniewind, Julius. “apangellō.” In Theological Dictionary of the New Testament, edited by Gerhard Kittel. Grand Rapids: Eerdmans, 1964, 1:64–67.

Stahlin, Gustav. “hamartanō, hamartēma, hamartia.” In Theological Dictionary of the New Testament, edited by Gerhard Kittel. Grand Rapids: Eerdmans, 1964, 1:293–96.


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